Aldactone is a potassium-sparing diuretic that prevents your body from absorbing too much salt and keeps your potassium levels from getting too low.
Aldactone is used to diagnose or treat a condition in which you have too much aldosterone in your body. Aldosterone is a hormone produced by your adrenal glands to help regulate the salt and water balance in your body. Aldactone also treats fluid retention (edema) in people with congestive heart failure, cirrhosis of the liver, or a kidney disorder called nephrotic syndrome. Aldactone is also used to treat or prevent hypokalemia (low potassium levels in the blood).
Do not use Aldactone if you have kidney disease, urination problems, or high levels of potassium in your blood. Do not use potassium supplements or other diuretics while you are taking Aldactone.
Before using this medication, tell your doctor if you have liver disease, or if you use a steroid or another diuretic.?Avoid drinking alcohol, which can increase some of the side effects of Aldactone. Avoid a diet high in salt. Too much salt will cause your body to retain water and can make this medication less effective. Do not use salt substitutes or low-sodium milk products that contain potassium. These products could cause your potassium levels to get too high while you are taking Aldactone.
Avoid becoming overheated or dehydrated during exercise and in hot weather. Follow your doctor's instructions about the type and amount of liquids you should drink. In some cases, drinking too much liquid can be as unsafe as not drinking enough. If you are being treated for high blood pressure, keep using this medication even if you feel fine. High blood pressure often has no symptoms.
Do not use Aldactone if you have: kidney disease or are unable to urinate; high potassium levels (hyperkalemia); or?if you are taking potassium supplements or other potassium-sparing diuretics such as Aldactazide, amiloride, or triamterene.
Before using Aldactone, tell your doctor if you have: heart disease; liver disease. If you have any of these conditions, you may need a dose adjustment or special tests to safely take Aldactone.
Side effects of Aldactone include headache, diarrhea, cramps, drowsiness, rash, nausea, vomiting, impotence, irregular menstrual periods, and irregular hair growth. Fluid and electrolytes imbalance (for example, low sodium, low magnesium, and high potassium) may occur, so patients should be monitored carefully. Enlargement of the breasts (gynecomastia) may also occur and is related to dose and duration of therapy. It usually reverses upon discontinuation of spironolactone.
|Bitiron is a synthetically derived thyroid hormone replacement preparation. It consists of Levothyroxine sodium (Thyroxine, T4) and Liothyronine Sodium (Triiodothyronine, T3) in a 4 to 1 ratio by weight. Bitiron was developed when it was believed that serum levels of both T4 and T3 were maintained by direct thyroidal secretion. It is now known that the thyroid gland secretes approximately ten times more T4 than T3 and that 80% of serum T3 is derived from deiodination of T4 in peripheral tissues. Administration of Levothyroxine alone is sufficient for maintaining serum T4 and T3 levels in most patients and combination hormone replacement therapy generally offers no therapeutic advantage. In fact, administration of T3 may result in supratherapeutic levels of T3.
Thyroid hormone drugs are natural or synthetic preparations containing T4 or T3 or both. T4 and T3 are produced in the human thyroid gland by the iodination and coupling of the amino acid tyrosine. Bitiron is a synthetic preparation of T4 and T3 in a 4:1 weight-based ratio. These hormones enhance oxygen consumption by most tissues of the body and increase the basal metabolic rate and the metabolism of carbohydrates, lipids and proteins. Thus, they exert a profound influence on every organ system in the body and are of particular importance in the development of the central nervous system.
The hormones, T4 and T3, are tyrosine-based hormones produced by the thyroid gland. Iodine is an important component in their synthesis. The major secreted form of thyroid hormone is T4. T4 is converted T3, the more active thyroid hormone, by deiodinases in peripheral tissues. T3 acts in the body to increase basal metabolic rate, alter protein synthesis and increase the body's sensitivity to catecholamines (such as adrenaline). Thyroid hormones are essential for proper development and differentiation of all cells of the human body. T4 and T3 regulate protein, fat and carbohydrate metabolism to varying extents. The most pronounced effect of the hormones is in altering how human cells use energetic compounds. The thyroid hormone derivatives bind to the thyroid hormone receptors initially to initiate their downstream effects.||Levothyroxine?is used to treat an underactive?thyroid?(hypothyroidism). It replaces or provides more thyroid?hormone, which is normally produced by the thyroid gland.?Low thyroid?hormone levels can occur naturally or when the thyroid gland is injured by?radiation/medications?or removed by surgery. Having enough thyroid hormone is important for maintaining normal mental and?physical activity. In children, having enough thyroid hormone is important for normal mental and physical development. This medication?is also used to treat other types of?thyroid disorders?(such as?thyroid cancer).This medication should not be used to treat?infertility?unless it is caused by?low thyroid?hormone levels.||Saizen 8 mg (24 IU) is used to treat children with hormonal disturbances leading to in growth delay and adults suffering from hormone deficiency. Saizen? is produced by a mammalian cell line (mouse C127) that has been modified by the addition of the human growth hormone gene. Saizen?, with the correct three-dimensional configuration, is secreted directly through the cell membrane into the cell-culture medium for collection and purification. Saizen? is a highly purified preparation.||The drug is both a decongestant and a bronchodilator. A decongestant thins the blood to reduce?blood pressure?while a bronchodilator widens the vessels that carry oxygen, so the volume of oxygen in the blood increases.
In?some European and Latin American countries, clenbuterol is approved as an?asthma?drug for humans too. But, in the United States, it is a banned substance for this purpose.
In the U.S. in the past, clenbuterol?has been used?in animal rearing as well as by vets. In 1991, the U.S. Food Safety and Inspection Service found it had been fed to livestock, so the animals gained more muscle and less fat. But, again, in many countries, clenbuterol is illegal for animal use.
The drug is now controversial because of its use in bodybuilding and weight-loss programs|